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cadmium and cadmium compounds in plastics

cadmium and cadmium compounds in plastics

CADMIUM AND CADMIUM COMPOUNDS IN PLASTICS

2014-9-4  compounds is due to cadmium itself. Release of any cadmium compound would potentially lead to human exposure to cadmium via the environment or directly. Thus, restrictions of any remaining uses of cadmium compounds in plastics that would result in reduced emissions of cadmium compounds to the environment would

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CADMIUM AND CADMIUM COMPOUNDS

2018-6-28  Cadmium sulfide compounds (e.g. cadmium sulfide, cadmium sulfoselenide, and cadmium lithopone) are used as pigments in a wide variety of applications, including engineering plastics, glass, glazes, ceramics, rubber, enamels, artists colours, and fireworks. Ranging in colour from yellow to deep-red maroon, cadmium pigments

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Call for evidence on the use of cadmium and cadmium ...

2013-1-11  cadmium and cadmium compounds shall not be used or placed on the market if the concentration of cadmium is equal to, or greater than, 0.01% by weight of the plastic material. Morevover, the Annex includes an additional subparagraph referring to a Commission request to ECHA to assess whether the use of cadmium and its compounds in

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THE CASE FOR EXPANDING THE RESTRICTION ON

2013-7-4  cadmium compounds in polymers/plastics. Particular consideration to cadmium pigments was seen necessary as this function was found to be the main remaining function of cadmium and its compounds used in plastics. ECHA launched a first call for

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ANNEX XV REPORT ASSESSMENT WHETHER THE USE OF

2015-3-23  assessment whether the use of cadmium and its compounds in plastic materials not covered by entry 23 of reach annex xvii should be restricted substance names: cadmium and its compounds iupac name: cadmium ec number: 231-152-8 (cadmium) cas number: 7440-43-9 (cadmium) contact details of the submitter of the

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Europe considers total ban on cadmium in plastics ...

2013-3-1  Europe considers total ban on cadmium in plastics. The European Commission is considering expanding its restriction on cadmium and its compounds in plastics from the current 16 materials listed in Annex XVII of REACH to all plastic materials. It has asked the Helsinki-based European Chemicals Agency (ECHA) to examine the case for an outright ban.

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Exposure to microplastics cause gut damage,

Cadmium (Cd) and cadmium compounds are widely used as pigments and stabilizers in plastics, but they readily leach out. Here we addressed the impacts of MPs, Cd, and their joint exposure in a tractable Drosophila melanogaster model.

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Cadmium and Cadmium Compounds MT CAS No. 7440

2021-6-20  Other commercially important cadmium compounds include cad-mium oxide and cadmium sulfide. Cadmium oxide occurs as a col-orless amorphous powder or dark-brown crystals. It is practically insoluble in water, soluble in dilute acids and ammonium salts, and insoluble in alkalis. Commercial-grade cadmium oxide is available in

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Cadmium in plastic - Plastics Engineering general ...

2004-1-8  Traditionaly some colours contained cadmium. It was mainly present in bright strong red colours with good heat stability, and was therefore popular for colouring plastics. Its use in colourants has been banned or discouraged in most if not all developed countries . Regards pat Please see FAQ731-376 for tips on how to make the best use of Eng-Tips Fora.

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Locating and Estimating Sources ofCadmium

2020-11-19  Sumter,SouthCarolina (Cadmiumnitrate) 000no HallChemicalCompany,Arab Plant,Arab,Alabama(Cadmiumnitrate) 000no ShepherdChemicalCompany, Cincinnati,Ohio(Cadmiumcarbonate, hydroxide,nitrate) 000no TOTAL 0.5 (1) 2 (4) 2.5 (5) aMayproducezincsulfatefromslabzinc,galvanizer’sdross,orbaghousedustfromthebrass

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News - ECHA

Call for further evidence on the use of cadmium-based pigments in plastics. ECHA/NA/13/25. ECHA calls for additional information on the use of cadmium and cadmium compounds, in particular cadmium-based pigments in plastic materials in order to assess the need for expanding the current restriction.

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ECHA calls for evidence on the use of cadmium in

2013-1-17  Anyone who could be affected by a widening of this restriction, or who holds information on relevant uses of cadmium and its compounds in plastics, or on possible alternatives, is invited to submit comments before 11 February 2013 via an online questionnaire available on the ECHA website.

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Europe considers total ban on cadmium in plastics ...

2013-3-1  Europe considers total ban on cadmium in plastics. The European Commission is considering expanding its restriction on cadmium and its compounds in plastics from the current 16 materials listed in Annex XVII of REACH to all plastic materials. It has asked the Helsinki-based European Chemicals Agency (ECHA) to examine the case for an outright ban.

Get Price

Exposure to microplastics cause gut damage,

Cadmium (Cd) and cadmium compounds are widely used as pigments and stabilizers in plastics, but they readily leach The interactions of microplastics (MPs) with other chemicals and the range of outcomes are of great importance to enhance understanding of their environmental impacts and health risks.

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CADMIUM AND CADMIUM COMPOUNDS -

Cadmium compounds did not produce dominant lethal effects in mice or rats nor did they increase the frequencies of chromos omal aberrations or micronuclei in mice treated in vivo. Cadmium compounds induced aneuploidy in hamsters but not in mice treated in vivo. They did not induce sis ter chromatid exchanges in human cells in vitro, and studies of

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Cadmium Compound - an overview ScienceDirect

Cadmium (Cd) metal is used in industry as an anticorrosive electroplated onto steel, and Cd compounds are found in plastics where they are used for their pigmentation. Cadmium is most commonly used in electric batteries, and is also used in electronic components and nuclear reactors (MINING et al. 2007). For most applications, there are lower ...

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Cadmium and Cadmium Alloys - Morrow - - Major

2010-3-12  The use of cadmium as stabilizers in plastics, alloys, and other minor applications has now largely disappeared and was less than 1% of total consumption in 2009. In the past 20 years, the recycling of nickel‐cadmium has increased markedly in North America, Europe, and Japan, so that today, approximately 22% of total cadmium production comes ...

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Evaluation of single and combined effects of cadmium

The growing accumulation of microplastics (MPs) in aquatic environments is a global concern. MPs are capable to interact with other environmental contaminants, including heavy metals, altering their toxicity. The aim of the study was to investigate the sub-lethal effects of cadmium chloride (Cd) alo

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Cadmium Compounds - Herron - - Major Reference

2000-12-4  Naturally occurring cadmium compounds are limited to the rare minerals, greenockite, CdS, and otavite, an oxycarbonate, but neither is an economically important source of cadmium metal or its compounds. Instead, cadmium compounds are usually derived from metallic cadmium produced as a by‐product of lead‐zinc smelting or electrolysis. In ...

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Methylnaphthalene in Food Packaging and Cadmium

2014-8-14  There is limited data characterizing exposures from cadmium use as a pigment in household or food contact plastics. More research is needed to characterize exposures as affected by the type of cadmium pigment, type of plastic, effects of wear and age, as well as the leaching of cadmium from end-of-use products in landfills.

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Europe considers total ban on cadmium in plastics ...

2013-3-1  Europe considers total ban on cadmium in plastics. The European Commission is considering expanding its restriction on cadmium and its compounds in plastics from the current 16 materials listed in Annex XVII of REACH to all plastic materials. It has asked the Helsinki-based European Chemicals Agency (ECHA) to examine the case for an outright ban.

Get Price

ECHA calls for evidence on the use of cadmium in

2013-1-17  Anyone who could be affected by a widening of this restriction, or who holds information on relevant uses of cadmium and its compounds in plastics, or on possible alternatives, is invited to submit comments before 11 February 2013 via an online questionnaire available on the ECHA website.

Get Price

Exposure to microplastics cause gut damage,

Cadmium (Cd) and cadmium compounds are widely used as pigments and stabilizers in plastics, but they readily leach The interactions of microplastics (MPs) with other chemicals and the range of outcomes are of great importance to enhance understanding of their environmental impacts and health risks.

Get Price

Cadmium and Cadmium Compounds (IARC Summary

2020-12-10  Cadmium is found at low concentrations in the Earth's crust, mainly as the sulfide in zinc-containing mineral deposits. Since the early twentieth century, it has been produced and used in a variety of applications in alloys and in compounds. Among the important compounds of cadmium are cadmium oxide (used in batteries, as an intermediate and ...

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EXPOSURE TO CADMIUM: A MAJOR PUBLIC HEALTH

Cadmium is also used in paint pigments, for electroplating and in making polyvinyl chloride plastics. The majority of cadmium present in the atmosphere is the result of human activities, especially smelting of non-ferrous metal ores, fossil fuel combustion and municipal waste incineration. 4. Soluble inorganic cadmium compounds are of

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Cadmium Compounds (A) - EPA

2016-9-6  Cadmium is a soft silver-white metal that is usually found in combination with other elements. (1) Cadmium compounds range in solubility in water from quite soluble to practically insoluble. (1) The chemical symbol for cadmium is Cd and the atomic weight is 112.41 g/mol. (1) Conversion Factors (only for the gaseous form):

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Cadmium and you - HSE

2019-12-5  – cadmium and cadmium compounds (except cadmium sulphide pigments) – 0.025 milligrams per cubic metre of air averaged over an 8-hour period; – cadmium sulphide pigments (respirable dust) – 0.03 milligrams per cubic metre of air averaged over an 8-hour period; – cadmium oxide fume has also been assigned a short-term exposure limit.

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Toxicological aspects of cadmium and occupational

For example, cadmium compounds are indispensable for the production of nickel-cadmium rechargeable batteries or as chemical stabilizer in plastics. It is an exceptionally toxic heavy metal and personnel exposed to cadmium in the workplace meet with potential health risks that can lead to the development of kidney, skeletal and respiratory ...

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Cadmium and Cadmium Compounds - Proposition 65

2021-6-21  Cadmium and cadmium compounds are on the Proposition 65 list because they can cause cancer. Exposure to cadmium and cadmium compounds can cause cancer of the lung and may cause cancer of the prostate and kidney.; Cadmium is also on the Proposition 65 list because it can cause birth defects or other reproductive harm.Exposure to cadmium may harm a man’s reproductive system.

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Cadmium and its inorganic compounds - Wiley

Cadmium and its inorganic compounds 5 repair, such as the nucleotide excision repair of UV-induced DNA damage (Hartwig et al. 1994), base excision repair after oxidative DNA damage (Dally and Hartwig 1997) and alkylation (Fatur et al. 2003), as well as base mismatch repair (Jin et al. 2003). Cadmium also inhibits isolated repair proteins, i.e. the bacterial formamidopyrimidine-

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Exposure to microplastics cause gut damage,

Cadmium (Cd) and cadmium compounds are widely used as pigments and stabilizers in plastics, but they readily leach The interactions of microplastics (MPs) with other chemicals and the range of outcomes are of great importance to enhance understanding of their environmental impacts and health risks.

Get Price

Cadmium and Cadmium Alloys - Morrow - - Major

2010-3-12  The use of cadmium as stabilizers in plastics, alloys, and other minor applications has now largely disappeared and was less than 1% of total consumption in 2009. In the past 20 years, the recycling of nickel‐cadmium has increased markedly in North America, Europe, and Japan, so that today, approximately 22% of total cadmium production comes ...

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Cadmium and compounds National Pollutant Inventory

2021-6-19  Cadmium compounds are used in the metal plating and battery industry, and as stabilizing agents in many polyvinyl chloride (PVC) products. Cadmium metal is alloyed with copper in the production of automobile radiators. Cadmium chloride is used in the dyeing and printing of fabrics, in electronics component manufacture and in photography.

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Cadmium and Cadmium Compounds - Proposition 65

2021-6-21  Cadmium and cadmium compounds are on the Proposition 65 list because they can cause cancer. Exposure to cadmium and cadmium compounds can cause cancer of the lung and may cause cancer of the prostate and kidney.; Cadmium is also on the Proposition 65 list because it can cause birth defects or other reproductive harm.Exposure to cadmium may harm a man’s reproductive system.

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CiteSeerX — CADMIUM AND CADMIUM

CiteSeerX - Document Details (Isaac Councill, Lee Giles, Pradeep Teregowda): consideration in the present evaluation. 1. Exposure Data 1.1 Identification of the agents Synonyms, trade names and molecular formulae for cadmium, cadmium–copper alloy, and some cadmium compounds are presented in Table 1.1. The cadmium compounds shown are those for which data on carcinogenicity or

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Cadmium Compounds (A) - EPA

2016-9-6  Cadmium is a soft silver-white metal that is usually found in combination with other elements. (1) Cadmium compounds range in solubility in water from quite soluble to practically insoluble. (1) The chemical symbol for cadmium is Cd and the atomic weight is 112.41 g/mol. (1) Conversion Factors (only for the gaseous form):

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Comparison of dissolution procedures for the

A microwave digestion procedure and an oxygen flask combustion procedure were developed for the determination of cadmium and lead in plastic materials. A comparison with conventional wet ashing shows acceptable agreement. Different types of plastics such as polyvinylchloride, polypropylene, polyethylene, polystyrene, polyamide, and polyethyleneterephthalate were investigated.

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Locating and Estimating Sources ofCadmium

2020-11-19  4-6 common cadmium pigments produced in 1991 .....4-15 4-7 current cadmium pigment producers .....4-16 4-8 inorganic pigments manufacturers reporting cadmium emissions in the 1990 toxic chemicals release inventory .....4-21 4-9 manufacturers of organic compounds reporting cadmium emissions in the 1990 toxic chemicals

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Cadmium or cadmium compounds and chronic kidney

Background: Cadmium (Cd) is abundantly documented as a metal mainly affecting tubular function both in workers and in the general population indirectly exposed via the environment. Results from epidemiological studies linking Cd exposure and risk of progression to chronic kidney disease (CKD) are, however, conflicting.

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PUBLIC HEALTH STATEMENT Cadmium

2013-1-9  cadmium in the air and studies of rats that breathed in cadmium. The U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS) has determined that cadmium and cadmium compounds are known human carcinogens. The International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) has determined that cadmium is carcinogenic to humans. The EPA has

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